Again they gained new identity and another myth and historical error emerged. For some time they were camping on Pelopónnisos by the city of Méthoné, near a mount called Gypé, also known as Small Egypt.
Their camp included a few hundreds of tents. Roms lived of smithing, tannery and other crafts they mastered very well. As they went on in their journey, they truthfully said that they ”come from Egypt.” It raised an interest, and so they exaggerated a bit.

They used to say that they are verts who refused to help the Holy Virgin Mary as she was persecuted by Herod and therefore God condemned them to eternal wandering. They had not mentioned a word of India anymore, they identified themselves with the new legend which soon was to be very handy.

There was also another legend which pleased the ear of medieval Europe. They were to be persecuted together with Moses and those who did not drown in the sea dispersed world wide. Another one says that one Romany smith hammered a nail for Christ’s cross. Were they aware of Christian history? They must have been! And they were very good at goaning one’s favor.

In 1417 Sindel together with other three commanders appears in Budín heading to Košice and later through Levice in south Slovakia to Bratislava with a letter (testimonial) from Hungarian parliament. Group of 300 people splits and goes different ways. Wherever they came, they introduce themselves as repentants from Egypt and they are welcomely accepted. Noblemen as well as governors give them safe-conduct. As late as 17 April 1423 Roman king Sigismund Luxembourg at Spišský castle issued a safe-conduct for ”a gipsy commander Ladislav”. In this letter he appeals to all his dominions, towns and burghers as he says: ”I strongly urge you not to limit commander Ladislav and his subjected Gypsies in any way. Broadly support them and protect them…”
Zikmund Lucemburský

But let’s get back to the year 1417.
Panuel is the fastest in his travelling. He goes through Czech lands, which is evident from chronicles in Znojmo and Prague and in the same year he appears in free cities of Northern Germany.
Sindelo was not in such a hurry and obviously he seemed to like central Germany. For some time he stayed near Ravensbrück.
Michal shows up together with Ondrej in Zurich in 1418. Then he goes on alone through Savoy south France. 19 years later he turns up along with his people in Barcelona.
And Ondrej? He was probably the most dynamic out of these three commanders and enriched Romanies the most – in good as well as in bad aspects. Basil got to know this group in 1422. Then they headed to Apennine peninsula where they had a conflict with the citizens of Bologna. Roms came with the first marionettes, however, the young gypsies were rather interested in the pockets of burghers during their performance, which consequently meant certain repulsion as we can read in Bologna chronicle from 1422.
Ondrej quickly goes to Rome where he gets a safe-conduct from Martin V. The myth about Virgin Mary seemed so believable even to pope, who commanded them to wander through European countries for seven years and repent. At the same time his safe-conduct provided help, protection and alms on their journey.

And so Roms lose no time and wander. In 1447 they come to Marseilles and in 1447 to Paris. Nearly 300 people travelled throughout the whole Europe.

Legends about them had already accompanied them at that time and different names were given to them in various languages:
Spanish - Gitanos Greek - Gyptoi
English - Gypsies French - Gitanes
Netherlandish - Gyptenaers Slovak - Farahúni
Hungarian - Phárao-népe = pharaoh´s people
French also used the term Bohémiens because they were told that Romanies came from Czech lands. That is where later the word ”bohém” came from, i.e. a freeman who always lives according to the way he wants and does not let anyone to tell him what to do. So many connections with Romanies!
Let us also look at the climax of the Middle Ages, when Romanies moved from place to place with such a skill. It took even emperor’s steeds a few weeks before they got from one city to another. Another reason to admire the abilities of Romanies and romipen. Sigismund Luxembourg was a ruler of Hungary. From 1410 to 1437 he governed also in Germany. As we know, Romanies were very good at winning his sympathy in Spiš already. It was the beginning of Hussite wars in Bohemia.

husitske zbrane

There is a mention of a black Gypsy, Ondrej’s varlet in ”Execution book of the lords Rožmberk”. There is a statement in Palacký’s book “Old Czech chronicles” from 1416: “Also in this year gypsies wandered through Bohemia and baffled other people.” After that reports about Romanies passed. Were they really able to avoid revolutionary and other conflicts?
Switzerland is the oldest European democracy in modern history. The beginning of Swiss Confederation goes back to 1291.
At that time Romanies passed this area very quickly. Spain was a peaceful country where they were able to profit from flotillas full of riches. And France?

They headed to this country during Hundred-year war with England. However, they quickly drew back to Spain as always in times of combats, battles and unrest. They came back to Paris long after Joan of Arc was burnt at stake. Under the financial reforms of Charles VII the country enjoyed a period of prosperity.
Romanies have always known what to do and they were accepted everywhere. Partly for their safe-conducts and partly for their interesting and different LIFESTYLE.